THE MONTH of September, this year, was designated by the Excellence In Broadcasting (EIB) Network as ‘GH Heritage Month’ for reason the EIB, led by its newspaper, the DAILY HERITAGE, has published articles that border on the Ghanaian heritage. The publications dealt with issues such as education, politics, social life, past currencies, kente, the old Flagstaff House, Nkrumah’s letter to ousted Prime Minister Busia, the Founder’s or Founders’ Day debate, the media, then and now, and of course, the man Kwame Nkrumah.
Most of our publications dwelt on Kwame Nkrumah because the month of September is unofficially Nkrumah month for Ghanaians and even the whole of Africa because his birthday, September 21, is celebrated throughout Africa. Therefore we looked at Nkrumah’s role in the struggle for independence in Ghana and Africa as a whole, his rule and the man as seen in the eye of his daughter Samia Nkrumah.
We also organised a talk on the Ghanaian culture in general on the ‘current’ Founder’s Day, September 21, a talk delivered by the historian, lecturer and Omanhen of Essikado Traditional Area in the Western Region, Nana Kobina Nketsia V.
We have brought down the curtain on the ‘GH Heritage Month’ but as a way of refreshing the minds of our cherished readers recaps of the various articles as a way of saying ‘Thank You’ to them, authors of the various articles, organisers of the various activities and our sponsors. We now ask you, our readers, to refresh your minds with the recaps:
‘We enjoyed Free SHS in 1965
AT A TIME when the free Senior High School programme commences in recent time, the DAILY HERITAGE looks at how the older generation benefited from free education. In view of this, Mr Alex Amu Mante, 71, narrated his experience as a beneficiary of free education to the paper.
I should tell you that I had free sixth form education from 1965-67, which catapulted me to the university. It was fantastic and enjoyable. You just take your bag and go to school to register. I went to Labone sixth form and we had good food in addition. There, we were given three full meals a day with hot drink early in the morning even before assembly.Finally I became the dining hall prefect.
I got admission to the university in 1968 and completed in1971 and it was also free. In fact, we were given allowance, which we called “millions”. Students boozed when the millions came in. Poor students sent it home to their parents.
Private Zoo at Flagstaff House
THE POLITICAL history of Ghana cannot be told without reference to the seat of government, popularly known as the Flagstaff House, once christened the Golden Jubilee House by the 2001 – 2009 New Patriotic Party (NPP) administration led by Mr John Agyekum Kufuor, when the administration tore down the old edifice and replaced it with current one.
The facility, located in Accra, the national capital, is the presidential palace that houses both offices for the Presidency and the residence of the President of Ghana.
Thus, Flagstaff House sits on the site of a building that was used by Ghana’s first President, after the facility had been used as the residence of the Inspector General of the Gold Coast Constabulary in the colonial days before Ghana gained independence in 1957. The previous seat of government of Ghana was the Osu Castle.
High demand for ‘Fathia Fata Nkrumah’ Kente
BY BENJAMIN TANDOH
PHOTOS BY ABIGAIL ASARE
KENTE, AN interwoven cloth strips made of silk and cotton fabrics, is one of Ghana’s rich cultural assets. Mostly worn by chiefs and other traditional leaders, the cloth has been widely accepted by all, especially on occasions that are meant to portray the Ghanaian tradition or heritage.
Coming in different shades of colour and designs, Kente has now developed to be the country’s valuable cloth for all occasions for majority of Ghanaians.
Every Kente cloth comes with its own name which is backed by a rich historical reason. The names are based on the designs of the cloths. For instance, we have Adwinasa, Akyempem and Fathia Fata Nkrumah.
Was Nkrumah indeed a hero?
Compiled BY Muntalla Inusah
The debate as to whether Nkrumah alone is the Founder of Ghana or others should share that acclaim would persist since individuals and certain groups who matter in our public political discourse present various perspectives. Without taking sides the DAILY HERITAGE brings to the public two articles by two men whose political knowledge cannot be discounted. These are Dr Kingsley Nyarko, Executive Director, Danquah Institute (DI), and Senior Lecturer, University of Ghana; and By Prof. Agyeman Badu Akosa,
BY DR KINGSLEY NYARKO, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, DI, SENIOR LECTURER, UG
THE INDEPENDENCE of Ghana appeared to be a mirage until the United Gold Coast Convention was birthed on August 4, 1947 at Saltpond; thankfully, its formation became the springboard towards our attainment of Statehood. The independence of Ghana was not realized on a silver platter. As a matter of fact, it took years of struggle, pain, disappointment, betrayal, and even deaths before we were able to gain freedom from our colonial overlords—the British. The patriots who sacrificed their energy, resources, and lives deserve commendation, and must be celebrated.
Nkrumah writes to Dr Busia
My Dear Kofi:
I have just heard on the air that your government which came to power barely three years ago has been toppled by the Ghana Army. It is rather significant that most of the evils of which my government and I were accused and which were the main reasons for the overthrow of my administration were apparently the same reasons that motivated the army takeover of your regime.
I am sure that you now realise that those who criticise other people without bothering to assign good reasons for their criticisms eventually end up as victims of their own circumstances.
You will also appreciate the fact that those who sow a wind reap a
Is August 4 Founders’ Day justifiable?
BY DR KINGSLEY NYARKO
DR KINGSLEY Nyarko, the Executive Director, Danquah Institute (DI) and Senior Lecturer of the University of Ghana recently delivered a speech at the university on the topic: ‘The Advent of UGCC and the Independence of Ghana: Examining their Relevance in our Contemporary Society.’
The speech was meant to refresh the minds of those who already know of the struggle towards independence and also to inform those who lack a good knowledge of the struggle for them to appreciate the fact that various actions took place on the way to independence and that some were precursors to others and that various people played prominent roles that collectively helped to achieve the country’s freedom from the British colonists.
The DAILY HERITAGE brings to its cherished readers the speech:
We are not gathered here at this hour to show the superiority of one nationalist over the other; neither are we here to belittle the contributions of any personality towards the emancipation and development of our motherland.
Dr Nkrumah in the eyes of his daughter
PHOTOS: BY ABIGAIL ASARE
MADAM SAMIA Yaba Nkrumah, the daughter of Ghana’s first President, Dr Kwame Nkrumah, has called on the youth of the country to study and read the exact words of his father in order to understand his policies and ideologies.
Madam Nkrumah spoke to the DAILY HERITAGE as part of the GH Heritage Month which seeks to bolster interest in Ghana’s rich heritage.
GH Heritage’s time with Nana Nketsia V
BY MUNTALLA INUSAH
AS PART of the GH Heritage Month Series it embarked upon from the beginning of this month, Excellence In Broadcasting (EIB) Network, led by the DAILY HERITAGE newspaper, yesterday organised a Forum dubbed ‘Time With Nana Kobina Nketsia V’ and on the theme ‘Changing Face of Ghana’s Heritage.’
The event, which took place at the La Palm Royal Beach Hotel in Accra, had Nana Nketsia, the Omanhen of Essikado Traditional Area in the Western Region and history lecturer at the University of Cape Coast, as the keynote speaker.
Since the event fell on September 21, the date of birth of the first President of Ghana, Dr Kwame Nkrumah, it was also referred to as a ‘Founder’s Day Celebration’ programme.
Good old Ghana moments
AS GH Heritage month enters its final week, the editorial team wishes to express its profound gratitude to the hundreds of readers who have sent scintillating archival messages to support the GH Heritage month series.
The team is indeed overwhelmed by the beautiful memorable pictures that aptly capture our Heritage as a people and tell the story about where we have come from and where we are going.
In today’s edition, we share with our readers some interesting pictures that tell the story about Good old Ghana moments sent to us by Jedidiah Akoi-Jackson, a resident of Nungua Kantamanto Princess House Number 2.
Where was the media in independence struggle?
THE DUTY of journalists is to educate, inform and entertain the public through the use of radio, television, newspapers and lately superhighway Information Communication Technological means such as internet, facebook, WhatsApp and others. The journalists among others also provide liberty to the people through their activities because they expose and oppose arbitrary rule.
The media have played an important role in the governance of Ghana since the colonial era. Being the Fourth Estate of the Realm in terms of the country’s governance system, it has continued to play its immense role to date.
The media during the colonial period always acted as the mouthpiece for the people. They ensured that what the people of the then Gold Coast wanted was communicated to their colonial governors.
GH Bank notes, then and now
There is no doubt that certain things came to be associated with the portion of the earth we now call Ghana as a result of colonialism. One of such things has to do with the concept of currency, which is the system of money used in a country in the forms of notes and coins. We should note that our forebears knew the concept of money.
In colonial days our country used the British pounds and shillings. Later, the country had its own pounds and shillings and few years after it attained republican status on July 1, 1960, our first President, Dr Kwame Nkrumah, introduced pesewas and the cedi, which is the corrupted or anglicized version of side, the local name for cowrie, which was used as money in parts of Africa and Asia in the past. The cedi and have remained Ghana’s currency ever since under both civilian and military administrations until President John Agyekum Kufuor (2001 – 2009) changed the existing notes and coins as had been the case under various administrations but called his Ghana cedis and the pesewas Ghana pesewas.
Does the Ghanaian press fulfil its mandate?
By Kweku Gyasi Essel
SINCE THE emergence of modernity nations have found the media an inseparable part of their progress or development because of its roles of informing, educating and entertaining the public. These roles are prominently expressed in political discourse, national identity, and popular culture. Traditionally, when we talk about the media, we are considering journalists and the newspapers, magazines, radio and television stations they work for. However, the advent of the internet has brought in its trail the online media.
The media is described as the Fourth Estate of the Realm, which relates to the idea that the media is equally important in public life as the aristocracy (the people considered to be in the highest class of society because of their power, money and wealth, who include politicians and members of the judiciary), the Church and the ordinary people or the masses, who form the three traditional estates of society.
Available records have it that the news media in Ghana, the then Gold Coast, emerged in the nineteenth century and gave voice to popular campaigns for independence, national unity, development, and democracy throughout the twentieth century. And we can agree that the media today is also playing its role in nation building and that it must be monitored and put right when it goes ‘wayward’.
We are once again grateful to our readers and all those who have helped to make the ‘GH Heritage Month’ a success.