CLIMATE SCIENTISTS have defined Global Warming as the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the earth’s atmosphere and its oceans, a change that is believed to be permanently changing the earth’s climate.
Scientific consensus on climatic changes related to Global Warming is that the average temperature of the earth has risen between 0.4 and 0.8 °C over the past 100 years.
The increased volumes of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases released by the burning of fossil fuels, land clearing, agriculture, and other human activities, are believed to be the primary sources of the global warming that has occurred over the past 50 years.
Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate carrying out global warming research have recently predicted that average global temperatures could increase between 1.4 and 5.8 °C by the year 2100. Changes resulting from global warming may include rising sea levels due to the melting of the polar ice caps, as well as an increase in occurrence and severity of storms and other severe weather events.
Observations reveal that most of the projections would materialise if nations in Africa, including Ghana fail to put in adequate measures to contain Climate Change. The weather pattern has changed completely with the adverse effects of Climate Change being felt strongly in Ghana.
For instance, there are higher temperatures, fire and floods, drought, rising sea levels and risk to wildlife and other living organisms among others.
These effects are primarily due to human activities that when controlled can greatly help in containing the canker of Global Warming. We should, thus, collectively help in controlling activities from the energy sector and industry that are responsible for emitting Green House gases into the atmosphere.
We must also fight the aggressive deforestation in our forest belt, as well as stop the gradual habitation of our sea banks. There are many other actions and inactions that are having adverse effects on the environment.
The DAILY HERITAGE is therefore appealing to everybody to play a role, however small it may be, in fighting the canker of Global Warming.